Oral and maxillofacial is involved in all aspects of the diagnosis and surgical care of the mouth, jaws, skull, face, head and neck as well as associated structures and their reconstruction. The aim of the specialty is to provide a comprehensive diagnostic and surgical service, often in a multidisciplinary manner to medical and dental colleagues in a defined anatomical area - the Head and Neck.

Oral and maxillofacial surgery in Ireland and the UK is a medical / surgical specialty requiring both medical and dental degrees. All oral and maxillofacial surgeons must also have a registrable qualification with the Dental Council as well as a postgraduate qualification in dentistry before beginning higher specialty.