Urology is a surgical specialty that deals with the treatment of conditions involving the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. Specialists in the field of urology are called urologists, healthcare professionals who are trained to diagnose, detect and treat this group of disorders and diseases.

Traditionally Urology has had a smaller number of trainees compared to other specialities with training concentrated to 8 hospitals in Ireland. One of the major benefits of urology training in Ireland is that a trainee will rotate through at least 4 of the 8 major academic urology units during the scheme.